Vitamins are the most important sources of nutrition for us. The body performs its functions efficiently, only if it is well-nourished and a deficit of any vitamin or other micronutrients may lead to severe conditions and diseases.

Vitamins come with a whole lot of benefits for health and they fuel mostly every function of the body, from the brain to the bones, Vitamins control your overall health. So, check out a brief study on vitamins and their vitality in our diet. Further, let’s also see some sources of these vitamins and the deficiency of vitamins leads to which disease.

Vitamin A

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In order to maintain a healthy immune system, good cell growth, and great vision, this vitamin must be taken. Vitamin A that comes from animal products, is great for curing acne, wrinkles, and other skin problems while the one that comes from plants is great for vision, digestive disorders, and certain types of leukemia. Regular consumption of this vitamin may build your immune defense.

Sources of Vitamin A: Eggs, whole milk, liver, fortified skim milk, and cereals.

Deficiency disease: Night blindness

Vitamin B

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Dealing with cell metabolism, Vitamin B is the water-soluble vitamin, consisting of 8 types B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12. All these are collectively make-up a group of b vitamins that are responsible for different functions of the body. As far as benefits are concerned, this vitamin not only keeps a check on the nervous system but also assists in releasing energy from the food. 

Sources of Vitamin B: plain yogurt, milk, banana, mushrooms 

Deficiency disease: Dementia, Anemia, depression

Vitamin C

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Also known as Ascorbic acid, Vitamin C is one of the strongest and the most important vitamins. Not only does it improve your immunity, but it contains antioxidants that fight the damage-causing free radicals in the body. In addition to that, it repairs damaged tissues, produces neurotransmitters through the involvement of enzymes, and promotes skin health.

Sources of Vitamin C: Citrus Fruits, tomatoes, and green vegetables.

Deficiency disease: Scurvy

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Vitamin D

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Calciferol, which is more commonly known as Vitamin D, is a fat-soluble vitamin. Vitamin D is a vital nutrient as it maintains healthy bones and teeth and may cure conditions such as diabetes type 1. Not only that, Vitamin D promotes brain functions and helps in maintaining cardiovascular health. 

Sources of Vitamin D: Autoimmune problems, pregnancy complications

Deficiency disease: Weak Bones, Cancer, severe asthma in children, and cardiovascular disease

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Vitamin E

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You might have heard that Vitamin E helps improve the skin and hair. These are perhaps the very common points that we know, there is a lot more than vitamin E can help us with. For example, Vitamin E offers many health benefits, its antioxidant properties help in fighting free radicals and improving metabolism. In addition to that, it also helps in fat absorption and improving vision. 

Sources of Vitamin E: Avocado, Red bell pepper, peanuts, pumpkins, etc.

Deficiency disease: Ataxia, Peripheral neuropathy, weak immunity.

Vitamin K

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Vitamin K is the last of the vitamins that we need in addition to the other vitamins mentioned above. This vitamin plays an essential role in clotting blood. Further, it can also help you combat certain types of cancers, spider veins, and morning sickness. It is advisable to consume vitamin K in sufficient amounts either from dietary sources or supplements. 

Sources of Vitamin K: Leafy green vegetables, fish, liver, meat. 

Deficiency disease: Morning sickness, excessive bleeding, heavy periods

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