The last two years have been quite difficult for all of us as there has been a major threat to our health and lives. Therefore, people have become more conscious about their health and have started taking care of themselves.

Now, people are not protecting themselves from the Corona virus but are also keeping a check on their overall health which includes private parts as well. People are getting more and more careful and aware with each passing day.

If you are looking to educate yourself further about your body, then here are 5 vaginal infections that you should definitely know about.

Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is an imbalance of the normal bacteria that lives in the vagina. It can cause vaginal itching as well as result in grey and fishy smelling discharge. According to research, more than 20 million women are diagnosed with this infection every year. This makes it the most common cause of vaginosis for women that are aged 15-44.

Yeast Infection

yeast vaginal infections

A vaginal yeast infection is basically a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina along with the vulva. Yeast infection happens when a normally occurring vaginal fungus called Candida overgrowth and causes symptoms like vaginal itching, burning and a clumpy white discharge.

This is also known as vaginal candidiasis and it affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetime. Many women can also experience it more than one time in their life.

Yeast infection can be treated with an oral or topical antifungal medication.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which is caused by one-cell Trichomonasis vaginalis protozoa. It is a common disease but at the same time, it is curable. Common symptoms include vaginal itching, and burning duringh urination and pain during intercourse.  

However, most people who have trichomoniasis don’t have symptoms, thus, they don’t know that they’re infected. This makes it easy to spread the infection to others unknowingly. You can kill the parasite that causes this infection by anti-infection medications.

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Chlamydia

sti vaginal infections

Chlamydia is a bacterial STI that can cause burning with urination, vaginal burning and vaginal discharge. This infection can spread easily because it often doesn’t have symptoms. This means you can pass chlamydia to sexual partners without even knowing it.

If chlamydia remains untreated, then it can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which is a serious infection of the female reproductive tract that can cause pelvic pain, fever and scarring of the fallopian tubes, which can cause infertility.

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Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is another bacterial STI that can cause increased vaginal discharge, burning during urination, painful intercourse and abnormal vaginal bleeding. It is most commonly spread during vaginal, oral or anal sex. If a pregnant woman has gonorrhea which is left untreated, then it can infect the eyes of the baby during vaginal delivery. If this disease is left untreated, then it can also lead to infertility.

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