Some of us may have heard about certain tests like mammography and Pap test but what truly are they all about we may not know. It is important that you know what is happening in your body and if some diseases can be prevented from further damage, then why not? 

Mr. Sameer Bhati – Director of Star Imaging and Path Lab, explained to HerZindagi, everything you must know about these tests and how can you prepare for them.

What Is Mammography

Mammography is an X-ray that is done to examine the breast. This is a test that is used to detect and diagnose breast cancer. Mammography is a key test that helps in the early diagnosis of Breast cancer, together with regular clinical tests and self-examination of the breast. In this test, the doctor takes and examines multiple X-rays of breast. 

How To Prepare For It

Body deodorants, perfumes, body lotion or powders should not be applied on the day of the mammography test. Such things can distort the image quality of the X-rays or can even seem like calcium deposits. So, it is always better to avoid applying them near your breast and underarms area.

What Happens During Mammography

mamo one

Each of the breasts rests on a flat X-Ray plate during mammography. A compressor is used to push down the breast to get a clear image of it in the X-Ray. This might be done several times to get all the details or if the doctor needs some more information. Digital mammography is also used sometimes. It transforms the X-Ray images into electronic pictures of the breast.

Complications Associated

As mammography is an X-Ray, you body will receive a very small number of radiations. However, the risk involved from these radiations is quite low. If a pregnant woman needs to get an urgent mammography done, then will have to wear a lead apron during the procedure o avoid any risks.

Meaning Of The Results

mamo test result

Mammography images helps in detecting the calcium deposits or calcifications in your breast. Most of them aren’t the signs of breast cancer. The test can show if there is any cyst (fluid-filled sacks) or cancerous or non-cancerous lumps. BI-RADS is a system that is used to describe whether additional images are required for examination or if an area is likely to have a cancerous or cancerous lump.

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5 Things To Know About Pap Test

What is a Pap Test

pap test

A Pap Test, or a Pap Smear Test, is used to diagnose cervical cancer. It is a screening procedure done to examine or detect the presence of cancerous or precancerous cells in your cervix i.e., the opening of the uterus. It is recommended for every woman (above 21 years of age) to start getting regular Pap Tests done, every 3 years. Some women have increased risks of having infection or cancer. If a woman is suffering from HIV or if a woman has a weakened immune system from an organ transplant or chemotherapy, then she is advised to get a Pap Test more frequently.

How To Prepare For It

A Pap Test is done on the day when you are not menstruating. Otherwise, the results are not accurate. Avoid intercourse or douching the day before your test is scheduled as these may disturb the test results. It is very essential to stay calm and take deep breaths during a Pap Smear Test.

What Happens During Pap Test

It is usually a very quick test. During the procedure, the doctor will slowly insert a device called speculum in your vagina that will give access to your cervix. A small number of cells is gently scraped by the doctor from the cervix. You may feel a slight irritation, but a little discomfort can help you protect your health. The cells are then tested in the laboratory.

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Complications Associated

There are no medical risks or complications associated with a Pap Smear Test. There’s a very little possibility that a woman may experience a small amount of spotting after a Pap Smear Test.

Meaning Of The Results

The results can be normal or abnormal. A normal test means that no abnormal cells could be found during the screening. Normal tests are referred to as negative. On the other hand, an abnormal test means that there are abnormal tests on your cervix and some of them could be precancerous. A doctor may do a few more test or get a closer look at your cervical tissue, depending upon your Pap Test.

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