Any kind of Cancer is not a joke and cannot be ruled out of your life as it is not necessary that you can have it only if it runs in the family! It can happen to anyone, at any given point of life. Though there is no 100% cure to it, we can at least detect it at the right time and go through some treatment to curb it for some time. Dr Aruna Kalra, gynaecologist and obstetrics surgeon, CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram, told HerZindagi on what it is, how can one check on it and what causes it.
Kalra says that it is a malignant tumour that forms in the cells of the breasts and is treatable medically. If you ever feel a lump within your breast, it's an alarm to get yourself medically examined by a professional in the field.
Usually, the first symptom noticeable for breast cancer will be a lump within your breast but not all lumps are cancerous. However, other symptoms and signs are also there to be noticed regarding breast cancer mentioned below:
- A throbbing pain inside your breast
- A noticeable change in size or shape where one breast might become bigger or lower than the other one.
- Alteration to the skin texture which may be caused due to rumples or depressions on the skin of the breast.
- An intense change in the hue of the breast skin, looking red or inflamed.
- If you ever feel one of the nipples might be inverted (turned in) when it usually points outward.
- Having noticed any unusual discharge from either of your breasts.
- If you see any rash or crusting of the nipple or surrounding area.
What Causes This Serious Condition?
In answer to the question, not all causes are known for developing a breast cancer but some of the indirect and related causes are mentioned below to create awareness and help women understand what and how you are to beware of.
Breast cancer in 1st degree relatives like mother, sister, daughter puts you at higher risk. Cancer risk is further increases if the relative developed this cancer before menopause .
Family History and Genes
At times breast cancer is directly inherited through genes. Breast cancer gene BRCA -1 and BRCA -2 and TP53 gene when inherited leads to the breast cancer development. If a blood related member of the family like sister or mother also is compromised of breast cancer then that is also a situation to beware of . Keep a lookout for any obvious symptoms and get yourself checked regularly.
Any Former Breast Related Issues
A previous medical history of your breast surgery or biopsy for lesions like hyperplasia, papilloma or fibroadenoma can highlight the risk for forming a breast cancer .
Age At First Pregnancy
Having no children or conception till the age of 35 may poses a higher risk of breast cancer in comparison to women who enter motherhood before the age of 35. Also breastfeeding, specially for over a period of 1 year, happens to lessen the chance of processing breast cancer, perhaps because pregnancy preceded by breastfeeding trims down exposure to estrogen.
Breast cancer is aggravated under the effect of any hormones treatment. It is usually directly proportional to a woman's exposure to the hormone estrogen, where more the hormone is present the more susceptible a woman is to breast cancer. The consequence that takes place under the influence of estrogen hormone is that the breast tissue manifold and this rampant multiplication is a module for cancer in your breast.
As women age, their risk factor for breast cancer increases accordingly. Women between the age group of 40-50 are at a lesser risk than women in the age group of 60-70 or above years are.
Previous History Of Breast Disease
It is very common for women with a history of breast cancer in a single breast is likely to develop a new type of breast cancer in the same or the other breast. Also, it is not recurrent cancer meaning that it is unrelated to any previous cancer.
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Being overweight is not directly responsible for breast cancer but it is consequently just an indirect reason that an inherent genetic or biochemical factor like a change in the hormonal levels due to obesity is enhancing the risk of breast cancer development.
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Alcoholic women are more amenable to breast cancer in accordance with women who don’t drink at all. Alcohol may increase breast cancer risk by simply harming the DNA present in their cells. Alcohol is also known to build levels of estrogen and other hormones which are positively related to breast cancer.
At times it is possible if a present treatment of a different cancer is ongoing then the radiation during the therapy can lead into the development of breast cancer at any present or later time, but the chances of this happening are minimal.
In conclusion, we all are very aware of the fact that while you can't prevent cancer, but it sure is important to be proactive about your health and the symptoms it portrays. The consciousness of the symptoms and the necessity for screening are essential ways of apprehending the cancer better.