Are you a new coffee drinker who gets confused while trying to decide which coffee drink to order? Or are you a hardcore coffee addict but you often stick to what you know because you are too shy to ask your barista the difference between a cappuccino and a latte? Then, this article is for you.

Gone are the days when people used to order just “coffee”. Turns out, there are many ways of brewing your coffee nowadays. 

We all know that the seemingly endless list of hot coffee drinks found on cafe menus can be overwhelming. So, here is an ultimate guide to the different types of coffee drinks you can find around the world. But first, let’s get to the basics, shall we?

What Is Coffee? What Is It Made From?

coffee beans inside

Coffee is a brewed drink that is made from the roasted and ground seeds (coffee beans) of the coffee plant. It is a beverage with a variable percentage of caffeine, a specific aroma, and taste.

The species of coffee bean used, where it was sourced from, and how it was roasted affect the taste and aroma of the final product.

There are typically two types of coffee beans you’ll find: Arabica and Robusta.


Arabica is the most popular type of coffee bean. Many avid coffee drinkers also prefer using Arabica beans due to their taste. These beans have a sweeter and less harsh taste. 

They are of higher quality than Robusta and also more expensive. However, these beans don’t have as much caffeine as Robusta.


While Arabica is regarded as the most popular, Robusta is cheaper and stronger. These beans have a higher caffeine content and taste more bitter than Arabica beans. Because of their bitter note, they are usually used for espresso drinks and in instant coffee mixes.

Don't miss: 10 Things To Add In Your Coffee To Elevate Its Taste

So, now we will come to the thing that we all have been waiting for - Hot Coffee!

Different Types Of Coffees

1. Espresso

Espresso is a small, concentrated coffee which is also known as a short black. It is a strong coffee and is made by using an espresso machine that forces water to be at a temperature of around 96°C (205°F) through finely-ground coffee beans.

Due to the beverage’s intensity, it’s used as a base for popular coffee-shop drinks like lattes and cappuccinos. Also, an espresso is a single shot of coffee. If it is a double shot, then it would be called Doppio.

2. Latte

latte with art inside

Latte is a popular coffee drink hailing from Italy and the word means ‘milk’ in Italian. As one of the most popular hot coffee drinks out there, latte is comprised of 1/3 espresso and 2/3 steamed milk, topped with a thin layer of foam.

However, this classic beverage is a lot more than just coffee with milk on top. Nowadays, cafes have come up with seemingly endless customizations. It can be ordered plain or with a flavour shot of anything from vanilla to pumpkin spice with a non-dairy version.

Also, some cafes serve their lattes with latte art. You can also capture that for your Instagram!

Don't miss: How To Make Latte At Home

3. Cappuccino

cappuccino inside

Everyone loves Cappuccino! Why? Because of its delicious and creamy taste. This iconic drink is similar to a latte, but the top layer of froth is thicker. 

The standard ratio of a cappuccino is one part espresso shot, one part textured milk, and one part froth on top with ground chocolate dusting. During the winter, cafes also offer cappuccinos topped with cinnamon powder or nutmeg.

Just like Latte, you can find variations in this beverage that use cream instead of milk or ones that add a flavor shot.

4. Americano

Americano is an espresso-based coffee and is also known as long coffee. It consists of a single or double shot of espresso. Then, the espresso is diluted by adding freshly boiled water. The amount of boiled water varies greatly depending on preference.

5. Mocha (Mochaccino)

Mocha is every chocolate lover’s dream! The mocha (or Mochaccino) is also an espresso-based beverage. It can also be considered as a cross between a cappuccino and a hot chocolate. 

A standard ratio of a Mocha is equal parts espresso, milk, and chocolate powder. You can also substitute the chocolate powder with chocolate syrup or milk/dark chocolate.

6. Flat White

flat white inside

A flat white is very similar to a latte as it consists of espresso and steamed milk, but the ratio of espresso to milk is higher. Because of the increased amount of coffee used, it usually demands a slightly higher cost. 

In the process, milk is also folded as it steams which produces a more velvety texture. The flat white is also topped with latte art designs at specialty cafes.

Flat whites are popular in Australia and New Zealand and they have claimed to have invented it. So take note for your next trip!

Are you a newbie in the coffee world or a coffee enthusiast? Which coffee drink are you going to try next? Do share your favourites with us on our Facebook page. For more such stories, stay tuned to HerZindagi!