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Basant Panchami 2022: How India Celebrates The Onset Of Spring

Wonder how different states in India celebrate Basant Panchami? Read the article to know more about the celebration of springtime harvest festival.
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  • Krati Purwar
  • Editorial
Published -24 Jan 2022, 18:00 ISTUpdated -24 Jan 2022, 18:04 IST
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Bansant panchami

Marking the arrival of the spring season, Basant Panchami will be celebrated on February 5 this year. It falls on the fifth day of the Magh or Magha maas, the 11th month in the Hindu calendar. Many followers of the Hindu religion also celebrate the day in the dedication of the Goddess Saraswati, the goddess of music, knowledge, art, learning, speech and wisdom.

Yellow colour holds importance on this day, and it also marks the harvesting of mustard crops blossoming in the shade. People wear yellow clothes and even pray to Goddess Saraswati dressed in the same hue. The celebratory feast includes many delicious savouries and delightful sweets.

Significance of Basant Panchami 

According to legends, Lord Brahma created our world and the universe on this day. Some mythological tales also say that Goddess Saraswati was born on Basant Panchami, elevating the importance of the festival among Indians. Many Hindus consider it auspicious to start a new work, wedding rituals, study lessons and perform a house warming ceremony. 

Let’s see how different states celebrate the festival and welcome the spring season,

Punjab and Haryana 

makki ki roti & sarson ka saag   basant panchami

Adorning the blue sky with colourful kites, Punjab and Haryana celebrate the festival in lively surroundings. People get up early in the morning, take shower and visit a nearby gurudwara or temple to seek blessings from the Almighty. Friends, families and neighbours meet each other in a common ground or house to enjoy the festival. Adults and children climb to the terrace, fly kites, indulge in a playful competition and sing or dance on a folk song. Some of the flavourful delicacies prepared on this day in the states include Makki ki roti and Sarson ka Saag, Khichdi and sweet rice.  

Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan

Families and communities in both states worship Goddess Saraswati and come together for a fun and thrilling kite flying competition. Vibrant and sparkling kites grace the sky and set the tone of the festival. People dress up in yellow clothes, share sweets and dance around. In Uttar Pradesh, many devotees offer saffron rice while worshipping Lord Krishna on Basant Panchami. One can witness houses and entrances decorated in yellow marigolds. In Rajasthan, people wear jasmine garlands.  

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West Bengal 

bundi laddu   basant panchami

Similar to Durga Puja, many cities in West Bengal build a pandal with a mesmerising idol of Goddess Sarawati. People gather in a number to worship the deity and offer sweet yellow rice and Bundi laddus. Many groups organise festivities that include dancing to folk songs and signing. Many communities in the state have a ritual of preparing at least 13 delicacies to celebrate the festival.

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Bihar

People in Bihar start their day by waking early and worshipping Goddess Saraswati. They offer Bundi laddu and Kheer during prayers and distribute them among family members, neighbours and relatives who come to meet and greet as the day progresses. Many communities gather on a vast ground or a park in the evening to celebrate the festival with drums and dhol. People dance, sing and enjoy the festivities with immense joy.

Uttarakhand

kite fkying   basant panchami

Bringing great joy to the people, Basant Panchami is an important festival of Uttrakhand. People worship Goddess Saraswati here by offering flowers, leaves and Palash wood. Many devotees also worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. They dress up in yellow, put on a yellow tilak on the forehead and use yellow handkerchiefs. The locals rejoice in festivities, perform Jhumelia and Chounphula dances, prepare Kesar Halwa, fly vibrant kites and enjoy large gatherings. Many enthusiasts also indulge in overnight kirtans. 

 

Basant Panchami is one of the most celebrated festivals among farmers in India. The springtime harvest festival sees farms and gardens spruced up with vibrant flowers, crops and trees. It also marks the onset of preparation for Holi, the festival of colours. It takes place 40 days after Basant Panchami. 

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