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    India’s Maternal Mortality Ratio Dips From 130 To 97, Kerala Has The Lowest

    With the relentless help of ASHA workers, India has managed to experience a significant dip in MMR. Read on.
    • Krati Purwar
    • Editorial
    Updated at - 2022-11-30,16:49 IST
    maternal mortality ratio dips in india

    There is good news for Indians. Our Maternal Mortality Ratio has declined from 130 per lakh live births (2014-2016) to 97 per lakh live births (2018-2020). The Registrar General of India office shared this news on a special bulletin. 

    The report indicated that MMR is the highest in Assam. It stands at 195. However, it stands lowest in Kerala at 19 per lakh live births. Union Health Minister Manshukh Mandaviya credited the improvement in this department to the Narendra Modi government and its multiple healthcare initiatives.

    What Is Maternal Mortality Ratio?

    maternal mortality ratio in india

    The World Health Organisation defines Maternity Mortality Ratio as the death of a woman, while she is pregnant or within 142 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site, from any cause related to or aggravated by during the gestation period or its management. 

    It does not include deaths of pregnant women from accidental or incidental causes.

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    The present report offers insight into MMR in India between 2018 and 2020. It says that many women of reproductive age die due to complications during and following pregnancy, abortion and childbirth. 

    MMR In Various States

    maternal mortality ratio

    While Assam has the highest MMR, it is followed by Madhya Pradesh at 173, Uttar Pradesh at 167, Chhattisgarh at 137 and Bihar at 118 per lakh live births.

    The key indicator that defines the MMR is the number of maternal deaths in a given time per 1,00,000 live births during the same period. 

    Kerala is followed by Maharashtra at 33 and Telangana at 43 per lakh live births. K Srinath Reddy, former president of the Public Health Foundation of India, said, “The southern states are doing especially well.” He pointed out that if we can reduce the disparities between states and accelerate the progress of those falling behind, the country can dip to the 70th position by 2030.

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    He gave credit to ASHA workers for their commendable and tremendous effort in providing antenatal services. “Increase in institutional deliveries, improvement in emergency medical support and enhanced anaesthetic facilities in primary care settings have helped to improve maternal outcomes,” he added.

    The minister stressed investing more in primary healthcare systems and making them stronger than before. 

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    T Sundararaman, former Executive Director of National Health Systems Resource Centre in New Delhi, was quoted saying, “The National Rural Health Mission finally fulfilled its promise.”

    He said the reason behind this success was the introduction of community health workers. It had a domino effect of behavioural changes among women. “Nearly 100% of deliveries are now institutional, thanks to the workforce of one million ASHA workers,” he added.

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