Salt, which instantly enhances the taste of your food can also lead to complications, when eaten in large quantities. Salt is also an amazing preservative as it prevents the growth of bacteria and is often used for preserving pickles. If you are habitual of adding salt which is a little bit towards the higher side, then this is a matter of concern for you.
Average salt intake for a human being must not cross 6 grams, which is approximately one teaspoon. Salt contains about 40% sodium which has varied effects on different human beings. Here are a few health hazards you might face if you consume excess of salt:
If you feel bloated in the morning or experience swelling in different parts of your body, then it might be connected to your salt consumption habits. Swelling due to excess salt intake can be seen anywhere around your fingers, ankles and even knees. This type of swelling is caused by excessive fluids in the body, which are called edema. Excess of edema body is a direct symptom that you are consuming too much salt.
The best way to avoid this is cut down on your salt intake. Avoid adding salt to your food after it is cooked. Even if you feel the urge of adding more salt to your plate, try and resist it.
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Consuming excess of salt often causes dehydration which further leads to headaches. Though headaches can also occur because of a variety of other reasons, usually those which occur for a small period are caused because of dehydration. In order to beat this, all you need to do is increase your water intake.
Usually people who like a little bit extra salt in their food crave for more salt gradually. They might find their bland if they don’t add a pinch or two extra in it. This primarily happens because your taste buds adapt to the flavour of salt and makes you crave for more.
Linked to stomach cancer
Though there isn't any official confirmation that excess salt causes stomach cancer, several studies have shown a link between the two. Salt is usually linked with stomach cancer because its consumption increases the growth of Helicobacter pylori. This is a type of bacteria which is widely associated with stomach cancer and increases the risk of developing the disease.
According to an anonymous study conducted in 2011, a sample size of 1,000 was taken. The participants were studied for their salt consumption habits. The results of the study showed that those who had a higher salt intake had a higher risk of stomach cancer.
Another study with 2,68,718 participants found that those who consumed large quantities of salt had a 68% higher risk of stomach cancer than those who had a lower salt intake.
High blood pressure
High salt consumption is also linked to high blood pressure in many people. It is always advisable for people with high blood pressure to reduce their salt consumption in order to keep their blood pressure under control.
An anonymous study conducted with a sample size of 3,230 people found that a slight reduction in salt consumption can bring down the blood pressure. The study saw an average decrease of 4.18 mmHg for systolic blood pressure and 2.06 mmHg for diastolic blood pressure in the participants.
For those with normal blood pressure, salt reduction decreased systolic blood pressure by 2.42 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure by 1.00 mmHg.
Thus, in order to prevent any health complication, you must monitor your salt intake and try keeping it low. Avoid foods which are rich in salt and consciously add salt to your vegetables.
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