Early age pregnancy or you can say teenage pregnancy is when a girl under the age of 18 gets pregnant or gives birth to a child. It majorly consists of teens between the age of 13-17 years. However, Mr. Namit Tyagi, Nutritionist and Co-founder of Neuherbs India says that "irrespective of countries the factors remains the same that leads to this trend- poverty, lack of education, girls under pressure to marry & bear child early, fewer employment opportunities, and at many places some girls themselves choose to marry and take the risk of bearing a child at such a young age due to the limited access to education, family issues and not able to reach employment targets. However, if some may want to avoid their pregnancy they are not able to do so because of knowledge gaps and the misconceptions on where to obtain contraceptive methods and how to utilise them."
Teenage is categorised as the time when an individual's body grows thereby leading to the mental, physical, hormonal development. It is the time when puberty happens. When a girl becomes pregnant her life changes, her education may end, she might be not able to fulfill her body’s nutrients demands and can become prone to a number of health risks because she herself is growing & not much capable of bearing a child. This early childbearing can create a major health consequence for the newborn as well for the mother.
There are some potential dangers when you have a kid at an early stage in your young years. These things are not ensured to occur; however, it is a smart thought to talk with your primary care physician about your regenerative health to think about any concerning signs or side effects for your body.
Here are a couple of risks pointed out by Namit Tyagi, that are more noteworthy on the off chance that you are pregnant at an early age or you don't look for pre-birth care:
Young women have a higher risk of getting hypertension called pregnancy-incited hypertension, than pregnant ladies in their 20s or 30s. They likewise have a higher danger of toxemia. This is a risky illness that can harm the growing young mother's body parts and organs.
These clinical dangers influence pregnant young women, who may need to take medications to control symptoms. In any case, they can likewise disturb the unborn infant's development. Furthermore, they can prompt further pregnancy complications, for example, untimely birth.
Anemia is a low concentration of hemoglobin in the blood, & the most common disease which can cause extraordinary sleepiness and different complications. A few pregnant ladies get this sickness, and the condition happens in higher rates among pregnant young women as a result of "the inadequate amount of healthy calorie intake required during pregnancy" just as "the increased iron requirement related to the increase of the red cell mass during youth."
More pregnant young women develop weakness. It's basic for young women to search out qualified pre-birth care to ensure they are getting a satisfactory intake of supplements and pre-birth nutrients to forestall iron and other health deficiencies.
A full-term pregnancy keeps going around 40 weeks. An infant that takes birth before 37 weeks is a premature child or "preemie." On different occasions, the child must be delivered right on time for the health of the mother or baby. The prior an infant is conceived, the more risk there is of respiratory, stomach related, vision, intelligence, and different issues.
Low Birth Weight Child
Young women are at higher danger of having low-birth-weight babies. Premature babies are bound to weigh short of what they should. Partially, that is on the grounds that they've had less time in the belly to develop. A low-birth-weight infant weighs just 3.3 to 5.5 pounds. A low-birth-weight child weighs under 3.3 pounds. Children that small should be put on a ventilator in a medical clinic's neonatal consideration unit for help with breathing after birth.
Pregnant young women must take precautions in case they get pregnant. It's a life-changing experience that may either turn out to be an exhilarating or a bad one. For a healthy pregnancy, a supportive family, partner and financial security is needed. If these are fulfilled, then the pregnancy would turn out to be a healthy experience.
Stay tuned to HerZindagi to know more about pregnancy and motherhood.