Infertility is a major issue in most households. However, it is still believed to be a woman's problem that she cannot conceive and en are not even considered. In most homes, men do not even get themselves checked, putting all the blame on the woman. Dear ladies, it is time that you understand that male infertility is very much there! It is not just your problem! So with the help of an expert, here is a low down on what is male infertility and everything else you need to know about.

Definition Of Infertility In Males And Females

Dr. Nivedita Mishra, Consultant at Nova IVF Fertility Ranchi, shared with HerZindagi that "infertility refers to the inability to conceive within specific time frames. It can be because of a woman, a man, both sexes, and unknown factors. It is an issue that affects both male and female partners. But medical illness might not be the only cause of infertility. Your lifestyle may also have a role: stress, obesity, excessive alcohol and coffee use, and smoking may all have a detrimental influence on fertility.

"Infertility indicates that you are incapable of conceiving after trying for a year. If you have attained the age of 35 or above, implies that you have not been able to conceive after 6 months of trying. Women can be infertile if they are able to conceive but are unable to carry the term of pregnancy to term. Primary infertility is diagnosed in women who have never been able to conceive," she added.

Causes Of Male Infertility

male infertility

Sperm Maturation Disturbances

The most common male fertility problem is decreased production of normal and motile sperm in the seminiferous tubules. Even though the findings of the sperm analysis are normal, a functional problem may hinder sperm entrance into the egg.

Varicocele

A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testis. It is the most common reversible cause of infertility in men. Although the precise origin of varicoceles is uncertain, it may be connected to irregular blood flow. Varicoceles cause a decrease in sperm quantity and quality.

Infection

Some infections can disrupt sperm production or health, or they might create scarring that prevents sperm from passing through. Inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis) or testicles (orchitis), as well as other sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhoea or HIV, are examples of this. Although certain infections might cause lasting testicular damage, sperm is usually recoverable.

Hormone Imbalances

Infertility can be caused by problems with the testicles or by a problem with another hormonal system, such as the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, or adrenal glands. Low testosterone (male hypogonadism) and other hormonal issues can have several underlying causes.

Defects In The Chromosomes

Klinefelter's syndrome, an inherited disorder in which a man is born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome (rather than one X and one Y), causes improper development of the male reproductive organs. Other genetic disorders related to infertility include cystic fibrosis and Kallmann's syndrome.

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Some other causes related to health and lifestyle are:

  • Excessive intake of alcohol can cause liver problems leading to fertility problems.
  • The use of drugs, causes the testicles to shrink and decrease sperm production.
  • Smoking Tobacco lowers the sperm count

How Common Is Male Infertility?

male infertility issues

Dr Mishra shared that "infertility is a common problem. The male partner is the only source of infertility in around 20% of infertile partners. About 30% of marriages have an issue that affects both couples. As a result, in almost half of all instances, the man contributes to infertility. One in every 20 men has insufficient sperm, resulting in infertility. However, approximately only 1 in every 100 males is deprived of sperm.

"Many couples deal with infertility and seek assistance in becoming pregnant. Yet, it is sometimes assumed that infertility is primarily a female problem. However, in around 35% of infertile couples, a male component is discovered in addition to a female factor. A male component is the only identified cause of infertility in around 8% of couples.

"Infertility in males can be caused by a variety of reasons and is generally diagnosed by a sperm analysis. An expert evaluates the amount of sperm, motility, and morphology during a semen analysis. A slightly irregular sperm analysis does not always imply that a man is infertile. Instead, a sperm analysis can help establish whether and how male characteristics are present," she added.

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Don't blame yourself and do not let anyone else blame just you. Get your partner checked and explain it to him how he too can have a problem!

Stay tuned to HerZindagi for more on infertility and what can be done with expert inputs.