Violence against women is one of the most widespread and devastating human rights violations in today’s world. To spotlight the scale of the problem and raising public awareness, every year the United Nations' (UN) organizes multiple events on International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. This day has been observed on November 25 each year since 2000.

The main focus of this campaign is to highlight the issue of violence against women and girls and urging actions to end this scourge that impacts one in three women worldwide. This campaign starts on November 25 and will go on till December 10. This 16-days campaign includes multiple events such as marches, art competitions, cycling rallies, and marathons. This campaign is commemorated under the umbrella of the Secretary-General’s campaign UNiTE by 2030 to End Violence against Women. 

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According to a survey conducted by the UN Women, 1 in 3 women and girls experience physical or sexual violence in their lifetime, most frequently by an intimate partner Here are some more facts:

"71% of all human trafficking victims worldwide are women and girls, and 3 out of 4 of these women and girls are sexually exploited;

82 percent of women parliamentarians have experienced remarks, gestures, threats, or sexist comments while serving– most often via social media;

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15 million adolescent girls worldwide have experienced forced sex, while 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM);

Almost 750 million women and girls alive today were married before their 18th birthday; 

71% of all human trafficking victims worldwide are women and girls, and 3 out of 4 of these women and girls are sexually exploited.”

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According to a research done by the World Health Organization (WHO), women who experience physical or sexual abuse are twice as likely to have an abortion, and the experience nearly doubles their likelihood of falling into depression. In some regions, they are 1.5 times more likely to acquire HIV, and sexually assaulted women are 2.3 times more likely to have alcohol disorders.

Theme

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The theme of this year’s UN commemoration, which uses the orange colour to symbolize hope and a brighter future for women, is: “Orange the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape!” The theme indicates the need to end the “rape culture” that is entrenched in our society.

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