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Ramadan 2020: All You Need To Know About Ramadan's Significance, History

All you need to know about the festival of Ramadan.
Published -22 Apr 2020, 12:29 ISTUpdated -22 Apr 2020, 13:40 IST
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  • Kishori Sud
  • Editorial
  • Published -22 Apr 2020, 12:29 ISTUpdated -22 Apr 2020, 13:40 IST
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significance ramadan

Ramadan is observed by Muslims in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. During the period of Ramadan, which will begin on evenings of April 23-24, 2020 and end between May 23-24, depending on the sighting of the crescent moon, people fast, pray and try to give back to the community

According to Islam, Ramadan is about the celebration of the first time when the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. The five pillars are Shahada (profession of faith), Salat (Prayer), Zakat (Almsgiving), Sawm (Fasting) and Hajj (Pilgrimage).

The date for Ramadan changes as per the lunar cycle. The holy month begins after the crescent moon has been seen. According to The Association of Islamic Charitable Projects, "the crescent of Ramadan should be observed post the sunset of the 29th day of Sha’ban (the month preceding Ramadan). In case the moon is not sighted, Ramadan shall start 30 days after Sha’ban."

festival ramadan

The origin of the word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramida or ar-ramad, which literally means ‘scorching heat.’ This takes place for  720 hours, which is four weeks and two days. During this month, Muslims fast between dawn and sunset. It is actually compulsory for them to fast (adults). However, if you are very old, pregnant, ill, travelling, menstruating or diabetic, then you can compensate later if you can.

The spiritual rewards of the fasting is known as ‘Thawab’and it is said that these rewards multiply during Ramadan. During this period, Muslims cannot smoke, cannot involve themselves in sexual activities or any sinful behaviour, and instead channel all their energy on praying, self-reforming, charity and taqwa, which is heightened awareness of Allah.

Don't Miss: Eid Special: Tasty Biryani Recipes Are Here!

Suhoor, or sehri, is the predawn meal called suhur, which they do before the morning prayer called Fajr, and iftar is the feast that they have at night after breaking the fast post the evening prayer, Maghrib.

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Once the call to the evening prayer is heard, Muslims break their fast with water and dates after a small prayer. Post this, they pray Maghrib salat and break their fast with a lavish feast.

When Ramadan starts, Muslims begin praying day and night and fast during the day. According to their beliefs, when Ramadan comes, the gates of Jannah (Paradise) are opened and the gates of Jahannum (hell) are locked up and the devils are put in chains.

Special evening prayers called taraweeh are held during which portions from the holy Quran are recited. During the end of Ramadan, there is the holiest night of the year when intense prayers take place during the Laylatul Qadr.

The end of Ramadan is Eid-ul-Fitr.

All over the world, Eid is celebrated by Muslims with great enthusiasm. Food items like biryani and kebabs, kheers or phirni are cooked.

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