In the Global Gender Gap Index 2022, India ranks 135 out of 146 nations, and it is the poorest performer in the world in the "health and survival" sub-index, where it ranks 146. According to The Global Gender Report 2022 released by The World Economic Forum, which incorporates the Gender Gap Index, it will now take 132 years to achieve gender parity, with the gap shrinking by just four years since 2021 and closing by 68.1%. However, this does not compensate for the generational loss between 2020 and 2021, as patterns before 2020 indicated that the gender difference would heal within 100 years. South Asia will take the longest to achieve gender parity, which is expected to take 197 years.
India also stands behind its other neighbours including Bangladesh (71), Nepal (96), Sri Lanka (110), the Maldives (117), and Bhutan (126). In South Asia, only Iran (143), Pakistan (145), and Afghanistan (146) fare worse than India.
4 Key Factors Determining The Gender Gap Index
The Global Gender Gap Index assesses gender equality in four important aspects or sub-indices: economic participation and opportunity, educational achievement, health and survival, and political empowerment. It calculates scores on a range of 0 to 100, which can be read as the distance bridged toward parity or the proportion of the gender gap that has been overcome.
In 2021, India was ranked 140th out of 156 nations on the index.
India is ranked 146th in terms of health and survival, 143rd in terms of economic involvement and opportunity, 107th in terms of educational attainment, and 48th in terms of political empowerment.
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