Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. It can occur in both men and women, but it's far more common in women

Dr Swetha M P, Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospitals, HRBR, Bangalore says, "We are aware that breast cancer is usually associated with a lump in the breast. But symptoms can be different among different people and completely depends on the specific type of breast cancer one is suffering from. Not all of them can have a lump in the breast while it is true that most of them have it. Thus, it is crucial to be aware of other important symptoms."

Significant funding for breast cancer research and awareness has aided in the advancement of breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Breast cancer survival rates have increased while the death rate associated with the disease has steadily declined. This is due to earlier detection, a one-of-a-kind and personalised treatment concept, and a thorough understanding of the disease.

Breast cancer symptoms vary from person to person. Therefore, you should be careful and check regularly. 

Symptoms

lump breast cancer

Here are the early signs or symptoms of breast cancer by Dr. Swetha M P.  

Breast Lumps

A lump in your breast or underarm that doesn’t go away is usually the first sign of breast cancer. A doctor can see a lump on a mammogram long before you can see or feel it. Therefore, it is necessary to get it checked regularly.

Breast Changes

Any change in the size, shape, or appearance of a breast can be a sign of breast cancer.

Skin Changes

Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling can be another symptom.

Newly Inverted Nipple

If one or both of your nipples are inverted, then it could be a sign of breast cancer.

Peeling, Scaling, Crusting Or Flaking

Peeling, scaling, crusting, or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin is another symptom of breast cancer.

Redness Or Pitting

If you are suffering from breast cancer, then the skin over your breast can have redness or pitting, like the skin of an orange.

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Causes Of Breast Cancer

causes breast cancer

Doctors know that breast cancer occurs when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. Cells may spread (metastasise) through your breast to your lymph nodes or to other parts of your body.

Researchers have identified hormonal, lifestyle and environmental factors that may increase your risk of breast cancer. But it's not clear why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer, yet other people with risk factors never do.

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Inherited breast cancer- Doctors estimate that about 5 to 10 percent of breast cancers are linked to gene mutations passed through generations of a family. The most well-known are breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2).

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